Related Party Transactions
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2019
|Related Party Transactions|
|Related Party Transactions||
17. Related Party Transactions
The Company’s Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, individually and through certain trusts over which he has voting and dispositive control, beneficially owned approximately 11.6% and 13.1% of the Company’s issued and outstanding Common Stock as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company’s Executive Vice Chairman, Strategic Development individually owns approximately 12.7% and 15.2% of the Company’s issued and outstanding Common Stock at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company’s CEO and Executive Vice Chairman received nil and $500,000 each, respectively. For their service in 2017, the Company’s CEO and Executive Vice Chairman received bonuses of $500,000 each, paid in cash during the quarter ended June 30, 2018. The bonus recipients waived their right to a cash bonus from the Company. The Company treated this transaction as a capital contribution, which is reflected on the Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the year ended December 31, 2018.
Shared Services Agreement with TGTX
In July 2015, TGTX and the Company entered into an arrangement to share the cost of certain research and development employees. The Company’s Executive Vice Chairman, Strategic Development, is Executive Chairman and Interim Chief Executive Officer of TGTX. Under the terms of the Agreement, TGTX will reimburse the Company for the salary and benefit costs associated with these employees based upon actual hours worked on TGTX related projects. In connection with the shared services agreement, the Company invoiced TGTX $0.5 million and $1.3 million, and received payments of $0.5 million and $1.3 million for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
Desk Share Agreements with TGTX and OPPM
In September 2014, the Company entered into Desk Share Agreements with TGTX and Opus Point Partners Management, LLC (“OPPM”) to occupy 40% and 20% of the New York, NY office space that requires TGTX and OPPM to pay their share of the average annual rent. These initial rent allocations will be adjusted periodically for each party based upon actual percentage of the office space occupied. Additionally, the Company has reserved the right to execute desk share agreements with other third parties and those arrangements will also affect the cost of the lease actually borne by the Company.Each initial Desk Share Agreement has a term of five years. The Company took possession of the New York, NY office space in December 2015, commenced build out of the space shortly thereafter and took occupancy of the space in April 2016. The Desk Share Agreement was amended in May 2016, adjusting the initial rent allocations to 45% for TGTX and 10% for OPPM.
In connection with the Company’s Desk Space Agreements for the New York, NY office space, for the year ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company had paid $2.6 million and $2.7 million in rent, respectively, and invoiced TGTX and OPPM approximately $1.3 million and $1.0 million and $180,000 and $217,000, respectively, for their prorated share of the rent base.At December 31, 2019, the amount due related to this arrangement from TGTX and OPPM approximated $114,000 and $400,000, respectively.
As of July 1, 2018, TGTX employees began to occupy desks in the Waltham, MA office under the Desk Share Agreement. TGTX began to pay their share of the rent based on actual percentage of the office space occupied on a month by month basis. For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company had paid approximately $240,000 and $223,000 in rent for the Waltham, MA office, and invoiced TGTX approximately $109,000 and $47,000, respectively.
As of December 31, 2019, the Company had paid a total of $2.8 million in rent under the Desk Share Agreements for both the New York, NY office and the Waltham, MA office combined, and invoiced TGTX and OPPM approximately $1.4 million and $180,000, respectively, for their prorated shares of the rents.
Checkpoint Collaborative Agreements with TGTX
Checkpoint has entered into various agreements with TGTX to develop and commercialize certain assets in connection with its licenses, including a collaboration agreement for some of the Dana Farber licensed antibodies, a sponsored research agreement for compounds licensed from NeuPharma, and a sublicense agreement for the Jubilant family of patents. Checkpoint believes that by partnering with TGTX to develop these compounds in therapeutic areas outside of its business focus, it may substantially offset its preclinical costs and milestone costs related to the development and marketing of these compounds in solid tumor indications.
Opus Credit Facility
On September 14, 2016, the Company and Opus Point Health Innovations Fund (“OPHIF”) entered into a Credit Facility Agreement (the “Opus Credit Facility”). Fortress’s Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer (Lindsay A. Rosenwald) and Fortress’s Executive Vice President, Strategic Development (Michael Weiss), are Co-Portfolio Managers and Partners of OPPM, an affiliate of OPHIF. As such, all of the disinterested directors of Fortress’s board of directors approved the terms of the Opus Credit Facility and related agreements.
On March 12, 2018, the Company and OPHIF amended and restated the Opus Credit Facility (the “A&R Opus Credit Facility”). The A&R Opus Credit Facility extends the maturity date of the notes issued under the Opus Credit Facility from September 14, 2018 by one year to September 14, 2019. The A&R Opus Credit Facility also permits the Company to make portions of interest and principal repayments in the form of shares of the Company’s common stock and/or in common stock of the Company’s publicly traded subsidiaries, subject to certain conditions. On September 13, 2019, the Company and OPHIF extended the maturity dates of the notes from September 14, 2019 by two years to September 14, 2021. Fortress retains the ability to prepay the Notes at any time without penalty. The notes payable under the A&R Opus Credit Facility continue to bear interest at 12% per annum.
On July 18, 2019, the Company prepaid $500,000 of debt owed under the A&R Opus Credit Facility by issuing 396,825 shares of Fortress common stock at $1.26 per share (the closing price on July 18, 2019) to Dr. Rosenwald.
The notes payable under the A&R Opus Credit Facility continue to bear interest at 12% per annum. For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company paid cash for interest expense of $0.5 million and $0.3 million, respectively (see Note 10).
Checkpoint Public Offering of Common Stock
NSC, a subsidiary of National (of which the Company owned 32.1% as of December 31, 2018), served as an underwriter in connection with Checkpoint’s 2018 equity offering, which closed on March 12, 2018. As the underwriter, NSC received a fee of approximately $1.8 million, or 8% on the gross proceeds raised of $23.0 million.
2018 Venture Notes
For the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company raised approximately $21.7 million in promissory notes. National Securities Corporation (“NSC”), a wholly owned subsidiary of National, and a related party as a result of the Company’s ownership of National, acted as the sole placement agent for the 2018 Venture Notes. The Company paid NSC a fee of $1.7 million during the year ended December 31, 2018, in connection with the 2018 Venture Notes. At December 31, 2018, the fee, which was recorded as debt discount on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheet and will be amortized over the life of the 2018 Venture Notes. In November 2018, the Company announced that it had an agreement to sell its majority holding in National, the sale was completed in February of 2019, see Note 3.
2017 Subordinated Note Financing
On March 17, 2017, the Company and NSC, a subsidiary of National, (entered into placement agency agreements with NAM Biotech Fund and NAM Special Situation Fund in connection with the sale of subordinated promissory notes (see Note 10). Pursuant to the terms of the agreements, NSC received a placement agent fee in cash of 10% of the debt raised and warrants equal to 10% of the aggregate principal amount of debt raised divided by the closing share price of the Company’s common stock on the date of closing.
For the year ended December 31, 2017, NSC earned a placement agent fee of $2.8 million and a Placement Agent Warrant to purchase 716,180 shares of the Company’s common stock, all of which are outstanding, with exercise prices ranging from $3.61 to $4.75. In November 2018, the Company announced that it had an agreement to sell its majority holding in National, of which NSC is a wholly owned subsidiary, the sale was completed in February of 2019, see Note 3.
Caelum Convertible Notes
On July 31, 2017 Caelum, through NSC, a subsidiary of National, offered up to $10 million, convertible promissory notes to accredited investors (as defined under the U.S. Federal securities laws). Caelum raised $9.9 million in the offering, in three separate closings and paid a placement fee equal to NSC of 10% of the proceeds of the sale or $1.0 million. Additionally NSC received warrants to purchase a number of shares the Caelum’s Common Stock equal to 10% of the aggregate amount of shares underlying the Notes with a per share exercise price equal to 110% of the per share conversion price of the Notes; provided, however, that if no Note converts, the exercise price will be $75 million dollars divided by the total number of fully-diluted shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately prior to exercise of the warrant, giving effect to the assumed conversion of all options, warrants, and convertible securities of the Company (see Note 10). In January 2019, as a result of the Caelum strategic financing these notes were converted pursuant to the terms of the note agreement.
In November 2018, the Company announced that it had an agreement to sell its majority holding in National, of which NSC is a wholly owned subsidiary, the sale was completed in February of 2019, see Note 3.
On June 26, 2017, Avenue completed an IPO in which NSC acted as co-manager and earned fees and commissions of approximately $2.3 million that were deducted from the proceeds. In November 2018, the Company announced that it had an agreement to sell its majority holding in National, of which NSC is a wholly owned subsidiary, the sale was completed in February of 2019, see Note 3.
Founders Agreement and Management Services Agreement
The Company has entered into Founders Agreements with each of the Fortress subsidiaries listed in the table below. Pursuant to each Founders Agreement, in exchange for the time and capital expended in the formation of each partner company and the identification of specific assets the acquisition of which result in the formation of a viable emerging growth life science company, the Company will loan each such partner company an amount representing the up-front fee required to acquire assets. Each Founders Agreement has a term of 15 years, which upon expiration automatically renews for successive one-year periods unless terminated by the Company or a Change in Control (as defined in the Founders Agreement) occurs. In connection with each Founders Agreement the Company receives 250,000 Class A Preferred shares (except for that with Checkpoint, in which the Company holds Class A Common Stock). The Class A Preferred Stock (Class A Common Stock with respect to Checkpoint) is identical to common stock other than as to voting rights, conversion rights and the PIK Dividend right (as described below). Each share of Class A Preferred Stock (Class A Common Stock with respect to Checkpoint) is entitled to vote the number of votes that is equal to one and one-tenth (1.1) times a fraction, the numerator of which is the sum of (A) the shares of outstanding common stock and (B) the whole shares of common stock into which the shares of outstanding Class A Preferred Stock (Class A Common Stock with respect to Checkpoint) are convertible and the denominator of which is the number of shares of outstanding Class A Preferred Stock (Class A Common Stock with respect to Checkpoint). Thus, the Class A Preferred Stock (Class A Common Stock with respect to Checkpoint) will at all times constitute a voting majority. Each share of Class A Preferred Stock (Class A Common Stock with respect to Checkpoint) is convertible, at the holder’s option, into one fully paid and nonassessable share of common stock of such partner company, subject to certain adjustments. The holders of Class A Preferred Stock (and the Class A Common Stock with respect to Checkpoint), as a class, are entitled receive on each effective date or “Trigger Date” (defined as the date that the Company first acquired, whether by license or otherwise, ownership rights to a product) of each agreement (each a “PIK Dividend Payment Date”) until the date all outstanding Class A Preferred Stock (Class A Common Stock with respect to Checkpoint) is converted into common stock or redeemed (and the purchase price is paid in full), pro rata per share dividends paid in additional fully paid and nonassessable shares of common stock (“PIK Dividends”) such that the aggregate number of shares of common stock issued pursuant to such PIK Dividend is equal to two and one-half percent (2.5%) of such partner company’s fully-diluted outstanding capitalization on the date that is one (1) business day prior to any PIK Dividend Payment Date. The Company has reached agreements with several of the partner companies to change the PIK Dividend Interest Payment Date to January 1 of each year - a change that has not and will not result in the issuance of any additional partner company common stock beyond that amount to which the Company would otherwise be entitled absent such change(s). The Company owns 100% of the Class A Preferred Stock (Class A Common Stock with respect to Checkpoint) of each partner company that has a Founders Agreement with the Company.
As additional consideration under the Founders Agreement, each partner company with which the Company has entered into a Founders Agreement will also: (i) pay an equity fee in shares of the common stock of such partner company, payable within five (5) business days of the closing of any equity or debt financing for each partner company or any of its respective subsidiaries that occurs after the effective date of the Founders Agreement and ending on the date when the Company no longer has majority voting control in such partner company’s voting equity, equal to two and one-half (2.5%) of the gross amount of any such equity or debt financing; and (ii) pay a cash fee equal to four and one-half percent (4.5%) of such partner company’s annual net sales, payable on an annual basis, within ninety (90) days of the end of each calendar year. In the event of a Change in Control, each such partner company will pay a one-time change in control fee equal to five (5x) times the product of (A) net sales for the twelve (12) months immediately preceding the change in control and (B) four and one-half percent (4.5%).
The following table summarizes, by subsidiary, the effective date of the Founders Agreements and PIK dividend or equity fee payable to the Company in accordance with the terms of the Founders Agreements, Exchange Agreements and the subsidiaries’ certificates of incorporation.
Note 1: Represents the effective date of each subsidiary’s Founders Agreement.
Note 2: Instead of a PIK dividend, Checkpoint pays the Company an annual equity fee in shares of Checkpoint’s common stock equal to 2.5% of Checkpoint’s fully diluted outstanding capitalization, pursuant to its Founders Agreement.
Note 3: Represents the Trigger Date.
Note 4: Pursuant to the terms of the agreement between Avenue and InvaGen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. during the term of the SPMA PIK dividends will not be paid or accrued.
The following table summarizes, by subsidiary, the PIK dividend or equity fee recorded by the Company in accordance with the terms of the Founders Agreements, Exchange Agreements and the subsidiaries’ certificates of incorporation for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 ($ in thousands):
Note 1: Includes 2020 PIK dividend accrued for the year ended December 31, 2019, as Type 1 subsequent event
Note 2: Pursuant to the terms of the Amended and Restated Mutual Conditional Termination Agreement between Fortress and Caelum, the Founders Agreement dated January 1, 2017 was terminated upon signing of the DOSPA with Alexion on January 30, 2019.
Management Services Agreements
The Company has entered into Management Services Agreements (the “MSAs”) with certain of its partner companies. Pursuant to each MSA, the Company’s management and personnel provide advisory, consulting and strategic services to each partner company that has entered into an MSA with Fortress for a period of five (5) years. Such services may include, without limitation, (i) advice and assistance concerning any and all aspects of each such partner company’s operations, clinical trials, financial planning and strategic transactions and financings and (ii) conducting relations on behalf of each such partner company with accountants, attorneys, financial advisors and other professionals (collectively, the “Services”). Each such partner company is obligated to utilize clinical research services, medical education, communication and marketing services and investor relations/public relation services of companies or individuals designated by Fortress, provided those services are offered at market prices. However, such partner companies are not obligated to take or act upon any advice rendered from Fortress, and the Company shall not be liable to any such partner company for its actions or inactions based upon the Company’s advice. The Company and its affiliates, including all members of Fortress’ Board of Directors, have been contractually exempted from fiduciary duties to each such partner company relating to corporate opportunities.
The following table summarizes, by partner company, the effective date of the MSA and the annual consulting fee payable by the subsidiary to the Company in quarterly installments ($ in thousands):
Note 1: Trigger Date
Note 2: Pursuant to the terms of the agreement between Avenue and InvaGen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. during the term of the SPMA fees under the MSA will not be due or accrued.
Fees and Stock Grants Received by Fortress
Fees recorded in connection with the Company’s agreements with its subsidiaries are eliminated in consolidation. These include management services fees, issuance of common shares of partner companies in connection with third party raises and annual stock dividend or issuances on the anniversary date of respective Founders Agreements.
The entire disclosure for related party transactions. Examples of related party transactions include transactions between (a) a parent company and its subsidiary; (b) subsidiaries of a common parent; (c) and entity and its principal owners; and (d) affiliates.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef