Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Commitments and Contingencies

Commitments and Contingencies
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2018
Commitments and Contingencies Disclosure [Abstract]  
Commitments and Contingencies
16. Commitments and Contingencies
In accordance with its certificate of incorporation, bylaws and indemnification agreements, the Company has indemnification obligations to its officers and directors for certain events or occurrences, subject to certain limits, while they are serving at the Company’s request in such capacity. There have been no claims to date, and the Company has director and officer insurance to address such claims. Pursuant to agreements with clinical trial sites, the Company provides indemnification to such sites in certain conditions.
Legal Proceedings - Fortress
In the ordinary course of business, the Company and its subsidiaries may be subject to both insured and uninsured litigation. Suits and claims may be brought against the Company by customers, suppliers, partners and/or third parties (including tort claims for personal injury arising from clinical trials of the Company’s product candidates and property damage) alleging deficiencies in performance, breach of contract, etc., and seeking resulting alleged damages.
Dr. Falk Pharma, GmbH v. Fortress Biotech, Inc. (Frankfurt am Main Regional Court, Ref. No. 3-06 O 28/16).  Dr. Falk Pharma, GmbH (“Dr. Falk Pharma”) and Fortress are among the parties to that certain Collaboration Agreement dated March 20, 2012, whereby they agreed to collaborate to develop a product for treatment of Crohn’s disease.  A dispute has arisen between Dr. Falk Pharma and Fortress with respect to their relative rights and obligations under the Collaboration Agreement.  Specifically, Dr. Falk Pharma contends that it fulfilled its contractual obligations to Fortress and is entitled to the final milestone payment due under the Collaboration Agreement - EUR 2.5 million.  Fortress contends that no such payment is due because a condition of the EUR 2.5 million payment was the delivery of a Clinical Study Report that addressed the primary and secondary objectives of a Phase II trial, and Fortress contends that Dr. Falk Pharma failed to deliver such a Clinical Study Report.  Dr. Falk Pharma disputes that it failed to deliver such a report and further disputes that the delivery of such a report is a condition of Fortress’s obligation to make the EUR 2.5 million payment.  After the parties’ attempts to negotiate a settlement of the dispute were unsuccessful, Dr. Falk Pharma filed a lawsuit against Fortress in the above-referenced Court in Frankfurt, Germany to recover the EUR 2.5 million plus interest and attorneys’ fees, and Fortress was served with the English translation of the lawsuit on August 11, 2016.  Fortress retained local counsel and, on December 14, 2016, filed an answer to the complaint, denying that it had any liability to Dr. Falk Pharma.  On July 27, 2017, Fortress received a judgment from the court in Frankfurt awarding the full amount (EUR 2.5 million) plus interest to Dr. Falk Pharma.  Fortress appealed the decision to the Higher Regional Court of Frankfurt on August 28, 2017, and the initial response of Dr. Falk Pharma to the appeal was filed on February 16, 2018.  Fortress’ external counsel in Germany is preparing a reply to that response, and Fortress intends to continue to vigorously defend its position on appeal.
Litigation and Regulatory Matters - National
National is a defendant or respondent in various pending and threatened arbitrations, administrative proceedings and lawsuits seeking compensatory damages. Several cases have no stated alleged damages. Claim amounts are infrequently indicative of the actual amounts National will be liable for, if any. Further, National has a history of collecting amounts awarded in these types of matters from its brokers that are still affiliated, as well as from those that are no longer affiliated. Many of these claimants also seek, in addition to compensatory damages, punitive or treble damages, and all seek interest, costs and fees. These matters arise in the normal course of business. National intends to vigorously defend itself in these actions, and the ultimate outcome of these matters cannot be determined at this time.
Liabilities for potential losses from complaints, legal actions, government investigations and proceedings are established where the National believes that it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. In making these decisions, management bases its judgments on its knowledge of the situations, consultations with legal counsel and its historical experience in resolving similar matters. In many lawsuits, arbitrations and regulatory proceedings, it is not possible to determine whether a liability has been incurred or to estimate the amount of that liability until the matter is close to resolution. However, accruals are reviewed regularly and are adjusted to reflect the National’s estimates of the impact of developments, rulings, advice of counsel and any other information pertinent to a particular matter. Because of the inherent difficulty in predicting the ultimate outcome of legal and regulatory actions, management cannot predict with certainty the eventual loss or range of loss related to such matters. At December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, the National accrued approximately $1.8 million and $2.4 million, respectively. These amounts are included in accounts payable and accrued expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition. Amounts charged to operations for settlements and potential losses during the three months ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 were $0.2 million and $6,000, respectively, which is included in other administrative expenses. National has included in "Professional fees" litigation and FINRA related expenses of $0.4 million and $0.5 million for the three months ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.