Related Party Transactions
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2017
|Related Party Transactions [Abstract]|
|Related Party Note||
18. Related Party Transactions
Other Related Parties
The Company’s Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, individually and through certain trusts over which he has voting and dispositive control, beneficially owned approximately 13.0%, 12.3%, and 12.2% of the Company’s issued and outstanding Common Stock as of December 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015. The Company’s Executive Vice Chairman, Strategic Development individually owns approximately 15.2%, 14.5% and 14.8% of the Company’s issued and outstanding Common Stock at December 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015.
Service Agreement with Opus Point Management Partners, LLC
On April 3, 2014, the Company entered into a Shared Services Agreement with OPPM in which the parties agreed to share a rented facility as well as costs for certain services, which they individually require for the operation of their respective entities. The Company’s Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer and the Company’s Executive Vice President, Strategic Development, are both Co-Portfolio Managers and Partners of OPPM. The Company incurred expense of approximately nil, $84,000 and $24,000 for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively. This agreement was terminated April 30, 2016 by Fortress as the Company took occupancy of the new office space in April 2016.
Shared Services Agreement with TGTX
In July 2015, TGTX and the Company entered into an arrangement to share the cost of certain research and development employees. The Company’s Executive Vice Chairman, Strategic Development, is Executive Chairman and Interim Chief Executive Officer of TGTX. Under the terms of the Agreement, TGTX will reimburse the Company for the salary and benefit costs associated with these employees based upon actual hours worked on TGTX related projects. For the year ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company invoiced TGTX $1.0 million and $0.8 million, respectively. The Company received payments of $0.9 million and $71,800, respectively, for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016.
Desk Share Agreements with TGTX and OPPM
In September 2014, the Company entered into Desk Share Agreements with OPPM and TGTX to occupy 20% and 40% of the New York, NY office space that requires TGTX and OPPM to pay their share of the average annual rent of $0.5 million and $1.1 million, respectively. These initial rent allocations will be adjusted periodically for each party based upon actual percentage of the office space occupied. Additionally, the Company has reserved the right to execute desk share agreements with other third parties and those arrangements will also affect the cost of the lease actually borne by the Company. The Desk Share Agreement was amended in May 2016, adjusting the initial rent allocations to 45% for TGTX and 10% for OPPM.
Each initial Desk Share Agreement has a term of five years. The Company took possession of the New York, NY office space in December 2015, commenced build out of the space shortly thereafter and took occupancy of the space in April 2016. The Company expects the total build out costs to approximate $5.1 million and will share the costs with OPPM and TGTX under the Desk Space Agreements. As of December 31, 2016, the Company had paid $1.0 million in rent under the Desk Space Agreements, and invoiced OPPM and TGTX approximately $95,000 and $0.4 million, respectively, for their prorated share of the rent base. In addition, as of December 31, 2016 the Company had incurred $4.8 million in connection with the build out of the space and recorded a receivable of $2.1 million due from TGTX and $0.5 million due from OPPM.
As of December 31, 2017, the Company had paid $2.4 million in rent under the Desk Space Agreements, and invoiced OPPM and TGTX approximately $135,000 and $1.0 million, respectively, for their prorated share of the rent base. In addition, as of December 31, 2017 the Company had incurred $163,000 in connection with the build out of the space and recorded a receivable of $24,000 due from TGTX and $6,600 due from OPPM.
Checkpoint Collaborative Agreements with TGTX
Checkpoint has entered into various agreements with TGTX to develop and commercialize certain assets in connection with its licenses, including a collaboration agreement for some of the Dana Farber licensed antibodies, an option agreement and sponsored research agreement for compounds licensed from NeuPharma, and a sublicense agreement for the Jubilant family of patents. Checkpoint believes that by partnering with TGTX to develop these compounds in therapeutic areas outside of its business focus, it may substantially offset its preclinical costs and milestone costs related to the development and marketing of these compounds in solid tumor indications.
Opus Credit Facility
On September 14, 2016, the Company and Opus Point Health Innovations Fund (“OPHIF”) entered into a Credit Facility Agreement (the “Opus Credit Facility”). Fortress’s Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer (Lindsay A. Rosenwald) and Fortress’s Executive Vice President, Strategic Development (Michael Weiss), are Co-Portfolio Managers and Partners of OPPM, an affiliate of OPHIF. As such, all of the disinterested directors of Fortress’s board of directors approved the terms of the Opus Credit Facility and related agreements. For the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015, the Company paid interest expense of $1.1 million, $0.2 million and nil, respectively (see Note 11).
2017 Subordinated Note Financing
On March 17, 2017, the Company and NSC, a subsidiary of National (of which the Company owns 56.6% and Michael Weiss serves as Chairman of the Board of Directors), entered into placement agency agreements with NAM Biotech Fund and NAM Special Situation Fund in connection with the sale of subordinated promissory notes (see Note 11). Pursuant to the terms of the agreements, NSC received a placement agent fee in cash of 10% of the debt raised and warrants equal to 10% of the aggregate principal amount of debt raised divided by the closing share price of the Company’s common stock on the date of closing.
For the year ended December 31, 2017, NSC earned a placement agent fee of $2.8 million and a Placement Agent Warrant to purchase 716,180 shares of the Company’s common stock, all of which are outstanding, with exercise prices ranging from $3.61 to $4.75. These fees were eliminated in consolidation.
Caelum Convertible Notes
On July 31, 2017 Caelum through NSC, a subsidiary of National, offered up to $10 million, convertible promissory notes to accredited investors (as defined under the U.S. Federal securities laws). Caelum raised $9.9 million in the offering, in three separate closings and paid a placement fee equal to NSC of 10% of the proceeds of the sale or $1.0 million. Additionally NSC received warrants to purchase a number of shares the Caelum’s Common Stock equal to 10% of the aggregate amount of shares underlying the Notes with a per share exercise price equal to 110% of the per share conversion price of the Notes; provided, however, that if no Note converts, the exercise price will be $75 million dollars divided by the total number of fully-diluted shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately prior to exercise of the warrant, giving effect to the assumed conversion of all options, warrants, and convertible securities of the Company.
For the year ended December 31, 2017, NSC earned fees of approximately $1.0 million, which were eliminated in consolidation.
On June 26, 2017, Avenue completed an IPO in which NSC acted as co-manager and earned fees and commissions of approximately $2.3 million that were deducted from the proceeds. The fees were eliminated in consolidation.
Founders Agreement and Management Services Agreement
The Company has entered into Founders Agreements with each of the Fortress Companies listed in the table below. Pursuant to each Founders Agreement, in exchange for the time and capital expended in the formation of each Fortress Company and the identification of specific assets the acquisition of which result in the formation of a viable emerging growth life science company, the Company will loan each such Fortress Company an amount representing the up-front fee required to acquire assets. Each Founders Agreement has a term of 15 years, which upon expiration automatically renews for successive one-year periods unless terminated by the Company or a Change in Control (as defined in the Founders Agreement) occurs. In connection with each Founders Agreement the Company receives 250,000 Class A Preferred shares (except for that with Checkpoint, in which the Company holds Class A Common Stock). The Class A Preferred Stock (Class A Common Stock with respect to Checkpoint) is identical to common stock other than as to voting rights, conversion rights and the PIK Dividend right (as described below). Each share of Class A Preferred Stock (Class A Common Stock with respect to Checkpoint) is entitled to vote the number of votes that is equal to one and one-tenth (1.1) times a fraction, the numerator of which is the sum of (A) the shares of outstanding common stock and (B) the whole shares of common stock into which the shares of outstanding Class A Preferred Stock (Class A Common Stock with respect to Checkpoint) are convertible and the denominator of which is the number of shares of outstanding Class A Preferred Stock (Class A Common Stock with respect to Checkpoint). Thus, the Class A Preferred Stock (Class A Common Stock with respect to Checkpoint) will at all times constitute a voting majority. Each share of Class A Preferred Stock (Class A Common Stock with respect to Checkpoint) is convertible, at the holder’s option, into one fully paid and nonassessable share of common stock of such Fortress Company, subject to certain adjustments. The holders of Class A Preferred Stock (and the Class A Common Stock with respect to Checkpoint), as a class, are entitled receive on each effective date or “Trigger Date” (defined as the date that the Company first acquired, whether by license or otherwise, ownership rights to a product) of each agreement (each a “PIK Dividend Payment Date”) until the date all outstanding Class A Preferred Stock (Class A Common Stock with respect to Checkpoint) is converted into common stock or redeemed (and the purchase price is paid in full), pro rata per share dividends paid in additional fully paid and nonassessable shares of common stock (“PIK Dividends”) such that the aggregate number of shares of common stock issued pursuant to such PIK Dividend is equal to two and one-half percent (2.5%) of such Fortress Company’s fully-diluted outstanding capitalization on the date that is one (1) business day prior to any PIK Dividend Payment Date. The Company has reached agreements with several of the Fortress Companies to change the PIK Dividend Interest Payment Date to January 1 of each year a change that has not and will not result in the issuance of any additional Fortress Company common stock beyond that amount to which the Company would otherwise be entitled absent such change(s). The Company owns 100% of the Class A Preferred Stock (Class A Common Stock with respect to Checkpoint) of each Fortress Company that has a Founders Agreement with the Company.
As additional consideration under the Founders Agreement, each Fortress Company with which the Company has entered into a Founders Agreement will also: (i) pay an equity fee in shares of the common stock of such Fortress Company, payable within five (5) business days of the closing of any equity or debt financing for each Fortress Company or any of its respective subsidiaries that occurs after the effective date of the Founders Agreement and ending on the date when the Company no longer has majority voting control in such Fortress Company’s voting equity, equal to two and one-half (2.5%) of the gross amount of any such equity or debt financing; and (ii) pay a cash fee equal to four and one-half percent (4.5%) of such Fortress Company’s annual net sales, payable on an annual basis, within ninety (90) days of the end of each calendar year. In the event of a Change in Control, each such Fortress Company will pay a one-time change in control fee equal to five (5x) times the product of (A) net sales for the twelve (12) months immediately preceding the change in control and (B) four and one-half percent (4.5%).
The following table summarizes, by subsidiary, the effective date of the Founders Agreements and PIK dividend or equity fee payable to the Company in accordance with the terms of the Founders Agreements, Exchange Agreements and the subsidiaries’ certificates of incorporation.
(1) - Represents the effective date of each subsidiary’s Founders Agreement. Each PIK dividend and equity fee is payable on the annual anniversary of the effective date of the original Founders Agreement.
(2) - Instead of a PIK dividend, Checkpoint pays the Company an annual equity fee in shares of Checkpoint’s common stock equal to 2.5% of Checkpoint’s fully diluted outstanding capitalization.
Pursuant to the Founders’ Agreement, Caelum, in connection with each Convertible Note Closing during the three months ended September 30, 2017, issued to Fortress approximately 218,000 shares of its common stock representing the 2.5% fee or approximately $0.2 million.
On June 26, 2017, pursuant to the Founders’ Agreement, Avenue, in connection with its IPO, issued to Fortress approximately 158,000 shares or approximately $0.9 million of its common stock representing the 2.5% financing fee.
The following table summarizes, by subsidiary, the PIK dividend or equity fee recorded by the Company in accordance with the terms of the Founders Agreements, Exchange Agreements and the subsidiaries’ certificates of incorporation for the year ended December 31, 2017 ($ in thousands):
Note 1: Includes 2018 PIK dividend accrued for the year ended December 31, 2017, as Type 1 subsequent event
Note 2: Aevitas PIK dividend wll be recorded during the third quarter of 2018
Note 3: Tamid PIK dividend will be recorded during the fourth quarter of 2018
Management Services Agreements
The Company has entered into Management Services Agreements (the “MSAs”) with certain of the Fortress Companies. Pursuant to each MSA, the Company’s management and personnel provide advisory, consulting and strategic services to each Fortress Company that has entered into an MSA with Fortress for a period of five (5) years. Such services may include, without limitation, (i) advice and assistance concerning any and all aspects of each such Fortress Company’s operations, clinical trials, financial planning and strategic transactions and financings and (ii) conducting relations on behalf of each such Fortress Company with accountants, attorneys, financial advisors and other professionals (collectively, the “Services”). Each such Fortress Company is obligated to utilize clinical research services, medical education, communication and marketing services and investor relations/public relation services of companies or individuals designated by Fortress, provided those services are offered at market prices. However, such Fortress Companies are not obligated to take or act upon any advice rendered from Fortress, and the Company shall not be liable to any such Fortress Company for its actions or inactions based upon the Company’s advice. The Company and its affiliates, including all members of Fortress’ Board of Directors, have been contractually exempted from fiduciary duties to each such Fortress Company relating to corporate opportunities.
The following table summarizes, by Fortress Company, the effective date of the MSA and the annual consulting fee payable by the subsidiary to the Company in quarterly installments ($ in thousands):
Fees and Stock Grants Received by Fortress
Fees recorded in connection with the Company’s agreements with its subsidiaries re eliminated in consolidation. These include management services fees, issuance of common shares of Fortress Companies in connection with third party raises and annual stock dividend or issuances on the anniversary date of respective Founders Agreements.
Chord Advisors, LLC
In May 2015, the Company entered into a full-service consulting agreement with Chord Advisors, LLC (“Chord”) to provide advisory accounting services. Under the terms of the agreement, the Company pays Chord $10,000 per month to provide technical accounting and financial reporting support. Either party upon 30-days written notice can terminate the agreement. Mr. Horin, Managing Partner of Chord, serves as Interim Chief Financial Officer to Caelum andHelocyte. Pursuant to the agreements with Helocyteand Caelum, Chord provides back office accounting support and accounting policy and financial reporting services, including the services of Mr. Horin. Chord receives up to $5,000 per month from Caelum and Helocyte, and up to $7,500 per month in a separate agreement with Mustang. Checkpoint and Avenue are billed at a blended hourly rate, for services incurred. For the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015, Checkpoint incurred approximately $65,000, $75,000 and $10,000, respectively, and Avenue incurred approximately $64,700, $15,000 and nil, respectively, in hourly fees.
In September 2016, pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement between National and Fortress, the Company acquired 56.6% of National for $22.9 million, thereby becoming the majority shareholder of National. The Company’s Executive Vice Chairman, Strategic Development is the Chairman of the Board of National. In the normal course, National provides the Company and the Company’s subsidiaries with placement agent services in connection with third party raises.
The following table summarizes, by entity, fees earned by National for the periods ending September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively ($ in thousands):
Additionally, the Company’s Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer and the Company’s Executive Vice Chairman, Strategic Development are both Co-Portfolio Managers and Partners of OPPM which owns approximately 4.6% of National.
The entire disclosure for related party transactions. Examples of related party transactions include transactions between (a) a parent company and its subsidiary; (b) subsidiaries of a common parent; (c) and entity and its principal owners; and (d) affiliates.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef